The history of “fine art”
“Fine art” is an English term and is used to describe aesthetic decorative art.
Paintings, sculptures, architecture, music and dance were general, aesthetic forms of creativity, art and handicraft that became known as “fine art”.
“Fine art photography” began to develop into its own art form in the middle of the 18th century, when the first imaging techniques began to sprout.
The presence of “fine art” and “fine art photography”
When thinking of “fine are”, people’s ideas are limited to two-dimensional works, so today it is mainly paintings, graphic art, prints, mosaics, calligraphy and photography that are the main categories of “fine art”.
The synonymous terms “artistic photography” and “photographic art” summarise fine art photography that is created by photographers as artwork, allowing one to recognise creative vision or a creative process.
Today, photographs or photography published in renowned magazines, journals, museums and exhibitions is referred to as “fine art photography” or “fine art photographic works”, if it has experienced a specific objective reality or alienation (surrealism) emphasised by conventional or unconventional creative techniques.
Colloquial definition of “fine art”
“Fine are” is most often mentioned in colloquial speech when referring to an area of picture printing on different base materials – mostly paper. The term “fine art” is also frequently used for marketing purposes to valorise unlimited or very distinguished editions of picture prints by commercial printing service providers.
“Fine art” is more of a creative process that is handed out to unique items or limited editions to highlight or develop their value.
Styles of fine art photography
The artistic differences between decorative and artistic photography must be established first of all. Just like when defining art, it is a fluid process that is interpreted and felt differently in western cultures.
The differences can be seen mainly in the following core areas or styles:
Architecture, landscape, portrait and experimental photography
Assessing a work of “fine art”
The selected criteria for assessing “fine art” are:
- recognising creative/artistic processes or artistic vision,
- the offer of a unique item or very limited editions: design series are also available in limited editions,
- the especially high-quality development, processing and refinement of fine artwork, in order to make sure it will last a long time, as art is also considered an investment and
proof of quality or proof of origin for the work of fine art.
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